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Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive sets minimum standards and harmonization of energy performance certificates in the EU.

What do I need to know?

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) is one of the initiatives to reduce emissions from buildings - which are responsible for 36% of total CO2 emissions. The new proposal to amend the existing EPBD includes a number of new improvements to the energy performance of buildings:

  • All new public buildings must be zero-emission buildings by 2027 (meaning there will be new standards for CO2-neutral buildings);
  • New rules will allow for energy efficiency upgrades to listed buildings as long as it does not change the appearance of the building.
  • New Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS):
  • Public Buildings:
  • 2027: EPC: G → F
  • 2030: EPC: F → E
  • New Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS):
  • Commercial buildings:
  • 2030: EPC: G → F
  • 2033: EPC: F → E
  • A new operational emission factor indicator will be added to the existing EPC methodology
  • Homogenization of EPCs in the EU - shortening the validity of EPC 'D-G' to 5 years
  • New residential buildings and renovated buildings must be equipped with monitoring systems to improve and optimize their performance
  • EPC G = 15% of buildings with the worst performance at national level

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